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Appendix - Additional Resources

Appendix E- References

Alternative Energy Resources. As accessed May 2011.
<http://www.alternativeenergyinc.net/aboutus.html>

Annual Monitoring and Evaluation Report Green Mountain National Forest. United States Department of Agriculture: Forest Service Eastern Region Milwaukee, Wisconsin. April, 2009. pg 80-81

Araman et al. 1997. Potential Material Sources for Board Products: Used Pallets and Wastewood
at Landfills. Proceedings, 31st International Particleboard/Composite Materials
Symposium. 189-195.

Arnosti, D., D. Abbas, D. Current, and M. Demchik. Harvesting Fuel: Cutting Costs and Reducing Forest Fire Hazards through Biomass Harvest. Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 2008. pg 8

Barber R. Certified Firewood Marketing Plan for Certified Wood from Central Minnesota. CAP
Report 031. January 2001. Pg 8. < http://www.cura.umn.edu/publications/CAP-reports/cap031.pdf >

Bhattacharya, J. et al. Heat or Eat? Cold-Weather Shocks and Nutrition in Poor American
Families. American Journal of Public Health. Vol. 93. No. 7. July 2003

Biomass Thermal Energy Council, The Opportunity of Biomass Thermal Energy. July, 2010. pg. 1

Biomass Thermal Energy Council, et al. Heating the Northeast with Renewable Biomass: A
vision for 2025. April, 2010

Butler, B. Private forest landowners in the United States. Newtown Square.2006.

Canadell, J. & Raupach, M. Managing Forests for Climate Change Mitigation. Science. Volume 320. June, 2008. Pg 1456

Christiansen E. et al. Residential Fuelwood Consumption in the Southeastern U.S. Biomass and
Bioenergy Vol. 5. No. 6. 1993. Pg. 492

Cooper, M. Public Attitudes Toward Energy Efficiency and Appliance Efficiency Standards:
Consumers see the Benefits and Support the Standards. Consumer Federation of
America. March, 2011.

Crouch, J. Upgrading Woodstoves in a Small Town as a Primary Strategy Towards Visibility
Improvement. Air and Waste Management Association. June 1991. Pg 3

Damery D. Landowner Driven Sustainable Forest Management and Value-Added Processing.
University of Massachusetts Amherst. 2005. < http://bct.eco.umass.edu/publications/by-title/landowner-driven-sustainable-forest-management-and-value-added-processing/ >

Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy. Maryland: Wood Heating Fuel Exception.
Last updated October, 2010 <http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=MD01F&re=1&ee=1>

Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy. Georgia: Biomass Sales and Use Tax
Exemption. Last updated August, 2010. <http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=GA08F&re=1&ee=

Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy. Missouri: Wood Energy Production Credit.
Last updated October, 2010 <http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=MO02F&re=1&ee=1>

Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy. Wisconsin: Renewable Energy Sales Tax
Exemptions. Last updated September, 2010 <http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=WI62F&re=1&ee=1>

Demirbas, A. (Selcuk University, Dept of Chemical Engineering). Potential Applications of Renewable Energy Sources, Biomass Combustion Problems in Boiler Power Systems and Combustion Related Environmental Issues. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Volume 31, Issue 2, July, 2004. pg. 171-192.

Egger, C. et. al. Biomass Heating in Upper Austria: Green Energy, Green Jobs. O.O.
Energiesparverband. 2010. Pg. 16.

Energy Savers. Tips: Heating and Cooling Last updated February, 2011.<http://www.energysavers.gov/tips/heatingcooling.cfm>

European Commission. Renewable Energy. Accessed on May 7, 2011
<http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/targets_en.htm>

Feeding America, Public Opinion Poll Release. December 2008

Guardardo, E. Connecticut Housing and Investment Fund. Personal Conversation with the
Author. April 2011

Gochoe, S., Everette, V., Haynes R.. Case Studies on the Effectiveness of State Financial
Incentives for Renewable Energy. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. September
2002

Gulland, J. The Argument in Favour of Wood Heating. The Fuelwood Project. February 2007

Gunnells, L. Smoke Gets in Your Eyes: Wood Stoves, Fireplaces and Chronic Disease.
Washington State Department of Health. October 2009

Hauschild, B. Woodstove Loan Calculation. Nebraska Energy Quarterly. June 2007

Hbh Gas Systems. A Qualitative Comparison: Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Residential
Space & Water Heating Using Propane vs. Electricity. 2008. Pg. 4
<http://www.blossmangreen.com/CO2%20Emissions%20Analysis.pdf>

Hearth Patio and Barbeque Association. Great Lakes States: Promising First Steps.
<http://woodstovechangeout.org/indexphp?id=25>

Hester & Harrison. Carbon Capture: Sequestration and Storage. RSC Publishing. 2010. Pg 7

Hooper, K. Woodstove Changeout Program: Libby Montana. Department of Environmental Health, Libby Montana. <http://www.epa.gov/burnwise/workshop2011/LibbyWoodStoveChangeout-Hooper.pdf> pg. 8

Hughes, P. Geothermal (Ground-Source) Heat Pumps: Market Status, Barriers to Adoption, and
Actions to Overcome Barriers. Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 2008

Houck. J, Broderick D. Compilation of Residential Wood Combustion Surveys and Related
Studies. Omni Test Laboratories. August 2003. < http://www.omni-test.com/publications/Comp2.pdf>

Houck J., Pitzman L. Catalytic Comeback? Hearth & Home. February 2011.

International Energy Agency. Tax Credit for Energy-saving and Renewable Energy Equipment.
Accessed May 2011 <http://www.iea.org/textbase/pm/?mode=re&id=2327&action=detail>

International Energy Agency. Global Renewable Energy-Policies and Measures. Accessed
May 2011. < http://www.iea.org >

Johnson, D. HPBA 2010 Shipping figures. Hearth Patio & Barbeque Association. 2010

Jungjohann, Arna & Jahnke, Bjrn , Europe: Creating New Jobs with Renewable Energies.
Heinrich Boll Foundation. 2009

Kitchen, B. U.S. Tax Breaks Subsidize Foreign Oil Production. Environmental Law Institute.
Sept. 2009. <http://www.eli.org/pressdetail.cfm?ID=205>

Kubert, C. & Sinclair M. Distributed Renewable Energy Finance and Policy Toolkit. Clean
Energy States Alliance. December 2009

Lee C, et al. Greenhouse gas and air pollutant emissions of alternatives for woody biomass
residues. Stockhold Environment Institute. November 2010.

Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation. Sept. 2007.
<http://dnrc.mt.gov/news/news_releases/2007/14Sept07.asp>

National Energy Technology Laboratory. Energy Efficiencies in Buildings to Improve Under
NETL-Directed ARRA Funding. Last updated August, 2009.
<http://www.netl.doe.gov/newsroom/features/08-2009.html>

National Firewood Task Force. Recommendations March 2010. Pg. 3.
<http://www.agdepartment.com/Programs/pp/EABFiles/NationalFirewoodTaskForceRecommendations.pdf>

National Public Radio. The Energy Costs of Cooling and Heating a Home. August 2007.
<http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=13941744>

Nubanusit Neighborhood & Farm. LEED Platinum Awarded to Nubanusit Neighborhood &
Farm Single Family Home. Last updated September, 24.
<http://www.peterboroughcohousing.org/leed.htm>

Omni Environmental Laboratories. Aging Study. Catalytic Hearth Coalition power point.
December 2009

Paul K. et al. Net Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Alternative Firewood-production Systems in
Australia. Biomass and Bioenergy 30. January 2006. Pgs 638-647

Pellet Fuels Institute. Accessed May 6, 2011. < http://pelletheat.org/about-us/who-is-pfi/>

Perlack et al. A Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion Ton
Annual Supply. Oak Ridge National Laboratory. April 2005. Pg. 16.

Pinkham L. What is the Average Cost to Install a Solar-Electric System to Power your Home.
Mother Earth News. May 2009. < http://www.motherearthnews.com/ask-our-experts/solar-electric-system-cost-z10b0blon.aspx>

Preliminary Report: Clearing the Smoke: The Woodstove Changeout in Libby, Montana. Hearth Patio & Barbeque Assosciation. Arlington, VA <http://woodstovechange out.org/fileadmin/PDF/Libby_Report-Final.pdf> pg. 10

Premium Efficiency Wood and Pellet Stoves. Last updated January, 2011 <http://www.oregon.gov/ENERGY/CONS/RES/tax/HVAC-Biomass.shtml>

Quenemoen, K. Montana Low Income Wood Stove Changeouts Study Project. Montana
Department of Energy. February 2010

Rural Voices for Conservation Coalition and the Coalition for Eastern Forests and Communities.
Sustainable Biomass Energy: The Need for a Comprehensive Energy Policy that Includes Thermal Biomass. May 2011

Sarzynski, A. The Impact of Solar incentive Programs in Ten States. George Washington Institute of Public Policy. November, 2009

Scharai-Rad M.,Welling J. Environmental and Energy Balances of Wood Products and Substitutes. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Forestry Department. 2002.

Schelly, C. Testing Residential Solar Thermal Adoption. Environment and Behavior.
Volume 42, Issue 2. March 2010. pg 167

Spelter, H. & Toth, D. North America's Wood Pellet Sector. United States Department of Agriculture, 2009.

Standiford R. et al. Impact of Firewood Harvesting on Hardwood Rangelands Varies with
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Stein et al. Forests on the edge: housing development on America's private forests. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-636. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 2005. Pg 16

Stevens, T. Dept. of Environmental Quality-Air Quality Division. Email message to author. October, 2010

Struss W. How Manomet got it Backwards: Challenging the debt-then-dividend Axiom.
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Thomson, S. Cover image. 2011

Toth, D. North America's Wood Pellet Sector. United State Forest Service. 2009. Pg 2

Tsai, K. Forest Service keeps eye on timber industry health. Associated Press. November, 2010.

United States Census Bureau. 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. 2009

United States Congress, Office of Technology Assessment. Wood Use: U.S. Competitiveness and technology, Vol. 1. Washington, D. C. August, 1983. pg. 160

United States Department of Agriculture. National Report on Sustainable Forests. 2010

United States Department of Energy. CSD LIHEAP/DOE Weatherization Programs Health and
Safety Appliance Replacement Policy. 2009

United States Department of Energy. Interim Health and Safety Guidance. Weatherization
Assistance Program. July 2002. <http://www.waptac.org/data/files/website_docs/government/guidance/2002/wpn%2002-5.pdf>

United States Department of Energy. MEMORANDUM, Approval to Include Wood Stoves As A
Weatherization Assistance Program Material. 1988

United States Department of Energy. Selecting and Installing a Geothermal Heat Pump System.
August 2008

United States Department of Energy. Weatherization Assistance Program.
<www.eere.energy.gov>

United States Energy Information Administration State Energy Data System. Table 8:
Residential Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1960-2008. 2008.
<http://www.eia.gov/states/hf.jsp?incfile=sep_use/res/use_res_us.html&mstate=UNITED%20STATES>

United States Energy Information Administration State Energy Data System. Table F25: Wood
and Biomass Waste Price and Expenditure Estimates, 2009. 2009
<http://www.eia.gov/states/hf.jsp?incfile=sep_fuel/html/fuel_pr_ww.html>

United States Energy Information Administration. Renewable Energy Annual. 2010

United States Environmental Protection Agency. Technology Transfer Network Clearinghouse
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United States Green Building Council. LEED for Homes Rating System. Jan 2008. Pg. iv

10 V.S.A. 584 (g) The Vermont Statutes Online

Verma, V.K. et al. Small scale biomass heating systems: Standards, quality labeling and market
driving factors-An EU outlook. Biomass and Bioenergy. 2009.

Walker et al. Biomass Sustainability and Carbon Policy Study. Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences. June, 2010. Pg 7

Ward, L. Is Wood the Best Renewable Fuel for Heating. Popular Mechanics. January 14,
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Ward, T. et al. A Community Woodstove Changeout and Impact on Ambient Concentrations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Phenolics. Center for Environmental Health Sciences, The University of Montana, 2009. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2735050/> pg. 7

Ward, T. et al. Lessons learned from a woodstove changeout on the Nez Perce Reservation. The Science of the Total Environment. January, 2011; pg. 664- 70.

Warsco K. Conventional Fuel Displacement by Residential Wood Use. Forest Products Journal. Vol 44. No 1. Jan. 1994. Pg 68.

Washington Forest Protection Association. Biomass: A Key Source of Renewable Energy.
<http://www.wfpa.org/pages/biomasspolicy.html>

 
Toolkit
    Executive Summary
    Background
    Why Wood Heat Should     be Incentivized
    Wood Heat Concerns
    Residential Appliance     Incentives
    Appliance Types and     Policy Goals
    Evaluation and     Monitoring
    Appendix
       Additional Resources
       Definitions
       Figures and Tables
       Biomass Heating        Appliance Price Saving        Calculation
       References
       State Legislation