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State & Local

Updated: January 2019

Incentives

As of January 2019, eight states offer ongoing, statewide rebates or tax incentives to purchase and install a stove or boiler.  (This page covers ongoing statewide incentives and some regulatory restrictions.  It does not include scores of local change out programs which can be found here.)


* Pellet stoves:Alabama, Arizona, IdahoMarylandMontanaNew York and Vermont
* Wood stoves: Alabama,  ArizonaIdahoMarylandMontana
* Wood or pellet boilers: AlabamaMaineMassachusettsMontanaNew HampshireNew YorkVermont

Appliance eligibility requirements vary from state to state. For pellet stoves, for example, Maryland and New York require stoves to emit no more than 2 grams per hour. Some of the programs require that you remove an old stove to be eligible, such as Idaho and New York, or convert a fireplace, such as in Arizona.  Alabama requires homeowners to convert their primary heating system to wood or pellets and Maryland requires that the stove displace oil, electricity, or propane heat. 

Several programs now either require or give additional rebates for stoves that meet efficiency requirements.  New York requires stoves be at least 70% efficient on the list of EPA certified stoves.  Maryland doubles the rebate, from $250 to $500 for wood stoves and $350 to $700 for pellet stoves, if the stove has a listed efficiency on the EPA list.

Regulations on uncertified stoves

As of November 2019, a number of states, counties and cities have imposed a variety of regulations on stoves and stoves and boilers.  This list likely omits relevant regulations and will be periodically updated. Mostly, this list focuses on how states and counties have attempted to reduce or stop the use of old stoves that are not certified by the EPA. Some jurisdictions have tried to stop their sale and installation; others have banned their use, usually after years of providing incentives to upgrade to EPA certified units. And others require their removal upon the sale or remodel of a house. All of the areas regulating these old, uncertified stoves are grappling with very high levels of wood smoke pollution, and are also regulating other sources of air pollution.

Forbids Use of Uncertified Stoves: Forbidding the use of old, uncertified stoves is rare in the US and likely only used after years of offering funding to change out old stoves.

  1. Tacoma-Pierce County, Washington: As of October 2015, it is illegal to purchase or operate an uncertified wood stove in the Tacoma-Pierce County Smoke Reduction Zone.
  2. Marin County, California: Forbids use of non-certified appliances since July 2008 and forbids installation of non-certified stoves in new construction or remodels.

Forbids Sale and/or Installation of Uncertified Stoves:

Two states and a number of urban areas and counties do not allow old, uncertified stoves to be sold or installed off the second-hand market. Where change out programs occur, banning the future installation of old stoves is a key way to preserve air quality gains.  (This is not an exhaustive list of local regulations.)

  1. Washington: Since 1992, has forbidden sale and installation of wood stoves or inserts that are not certified to the stricter Washington state emission standards.
  2. Oregon: Forbids sale and installation of wood stoves or inserts that are not certified. Oregon began certifying stoves in 1984 and the EPA in 1988.
  3. Denver-Metro area, Colorado: Prohibits sale and installation of new or used uncertified wood burning appliances
  4. Summit County, Colorado: Forbids the installation of a non-certified wood stove in a new home or as a replacement unit for an existing non-certified stove.
  5. San Joaquin Valley, California: Forbids sale and installation of non-certified stoves.
  6. Pinal County, Arizona: Uncertified stoves prohibited from being installed in “Area A”.

Forbids Installation of Fireplaces

  1. California Bay Area and New York City forbids installing fireplaces in new construction.

Uncertified Stoves Must Be Removed

  1. Oregon: Uncertified stoves must be removed when a home is sold.
  2. Marin County, California: Non-certified stoves must be removed upon a home's remodel.
  3. Truckee, California: All non-certified stoves must be removed by May 1, 2008. A fund gave rebates to those turning in their old stoves to recycling centers. No interest loans were also available for low-income families for the purchase of a newer model wood stove. Masonry stoves and pellet stoves are not required to be removed, even if they are not certified.

If you know of wood or pellet heater incentives or regulations that are not on this page, or if details are out of date, please let us know at info@forgreenheat.org.

 

 
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