As of January 2019, eight states offer ongoing, statewide rebates or tax incentives to purchase and install a stove or boiler. (This page covers ongoing statewide incentives and some regulatory restrictions. It does not include scores of local change out programs which can be found here.)
* Pellet stoves:Alabama, Arizona, Idaho, Maryland, Montana, New York and Vermont
* Wood stoves: Alabama, Arizona, Idaho, Maryland, Montana
* Wood or pellet boilers: Alabama, Maine, Massachusetts, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont,
Appliance eligibility requirements vary from state to state. For pellet stoves, for example, Maryland and New York require stoves to emit no more than 2 grams per hour. Some of the programs require that you remove an old stove to be eligible, such as Idaho and New York, or convert a fireplace, such as in Arizona. Alabama requires homeowners to convert their primary heating system to wood or pellets and Maryland requires that the stove displace oil, electricity, or propane heat.
Several programs now either require or give additional rebates for stoves that meet efficiency requirements. New York requires stoves be at least 70% efficient on the list of EPA certified stoves. Maryland doubles the rebate, from $250 to $500 for wood stoves and $350 to $700 for pellet stoves, if the stove has a listed efficiency on the EPA list.
Regulations on uncertified stoves
As of November 2019, a number of states, counties and cities have imposed a variety of regulations on stoves and stoves and boilers. This list likely omits relevant regulations and will be periodically updated. Mostly, this list focuses on how states and counties have attempted to reduce or stop the use of old stoves that are not certified by the EPA. Some jurisdictions have tried to stop their sale and installation; others have banned their use, usually after years of providing incentives to upgrade to EPA certified units. And others require their removal upon the sale or remodel of a house. All of the areas regulating these old, uncertified stoves are grappling with very high levels of wood smoke pollution, and are also regulating other sources of air pollution.
Forbids Use of Uncertified Stoves: Forbidding the use of old, uncertified stoves is rare in the US and likely only used after years of offering funding to change out old stoves.
Forbids Sale and/or Installation of Uncertified Stoves:
Two states and a number of urban areas and counties do not allow old, uncertified stoves to be sold or installed off the second-hand market. Where change out programs occur, banning the future installation of old stoves is a key way to preserve air quality gains. (This is not an exhaustive list of local regulations.)
Forbids Installation of Fireplaces
Uncertified Stoves Must Be Removed
If you know of wood or pellet heater incentives or regulations that are not on this page, or if details are out of date, please let us know at firstname.lastname@example.org.